Choosing a suitable fabric can be a challenge for most of us. When we enter a clothing store, we are overwhelmed by the array of fabrics on display. At the time of choosing a fabric, the spectrum of colours, patterns, designs, etc. can be confounding! In fact, it is only when we closely inspect a fabric that we get a thorough understanding of its actual composition.
Fabric study is a very interesting subject. For those of you who would like to gain a complete knowledge can pursue a Diploma in fashion designing and explore it further. Fabric studies under textile design covers everything right from fibre to fabric.
Textile design forms the basis of fashion designing. Thus, Fabric Study is one of the most crucial basic subjects taught across fashion designing classes. So, how does one learn to choose the right fabric through this module? Let’s find out:
Selecting the Right Pattern
When you see a fabric, what is the first thing you envision? The pattern of course! Therefore,it is the first step in the fabric designing process. So, in order to choose the right fabric, the right pattern must be in place.
To start with, you can choose a very basic pattern. Make sure, when choosing a pattern, it is easy to sew as well as transform into a finished product.
If you have a certain pattern in mind, or have a picture of it, you can simply sketch it out. All our students learn to sketch fabric patterns at the formative stages of their fashion designing course.
Studying the Pattern
The pattern on a tunic will differ from the pattern on a coat or a skirt. Hence, you need to study every pattern carefully in order to find a suitable fabric to support it. For example, since fabrics like silk and satin have a wonderful fall, they are best suited for evening gowns. Similarly, cashmere, cotton, wool and linen are crisp fabrics, making them better suited for business suits.
Pattern elements such as gathers, pleats, style of sleeves, etc. can help you decide a suitable fabric too.
Types of Fabric
Elements that make every fabric unique is its texture, drape, colour, print, design, etc. Every fabric has a unique composition which makes it ideal for a garment. Fabrics can be broadly categorised into woven and non-woven fabrics. You can plan our entire collection only after choosing the fabric that fits the bill in terms of your vision behind it.
In woven fabrics, the warp and the weft yarns run horizontally and vertically to each other. Since these fabrics are more durable, they can be easily cut into various patterns. However, considering the raw edges, they easily fray and this has to be taken care of, when designing. Tweed, corduroy, velvet, denim and poplin are few examples of woven fabrics. They are most apt for designing pants, shirts, coats, etc.
At Hamstech’s fashion designing courses, an exclusive topic on fibre to fabric gives a complete knowledge on various types of fabric, their behavior and suitability.
In non-woven fabrics, the fibres are fused together with the help of chemicals, steam, heat and pressure. Many times non-woven fabrics are specifically used for shirt cuffs, collars and lapels because they give a certain stiffness and shape.
There is a vast difference between fabrics used for home décor and fashion. The main difference lies in the details of their construction.
Fabrics density and Prints
The weight of the fabric is a major factor to consider when choosing one. Based on the pattern, you should decide whether you want to use a heavy or a light-weight fabric. Once you’ve made your choice, the next step is to decide the kind of print. Fabrics with designs and prints give a three-dimensional effect. Sometimes, even monochromatic colours work wonders.
Fabric Study is a core subject of fashion designing. After all a good fabric knowledge is the key to a well-finished garment!